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Unformatted text preview: tribes into cooperative groups (R. Wright, Non­Zero) Trade and free markets associated with happiness Free markets associated with rising status of women (A. Sen) Materialism: Basic Needs Materialism: Basic Needs 1970 2nd car 20 2nd TV 3 More than 1 phone 2 Dishwasher 8 1990 59 45 78 44 Some facts Some facts Richest Poorest (20%) Private consumption 86% 1.3% Meat, Fish 45% 5% Total energy 58% 4% Telephone lines 74% 1.5% Paper 84% 1.1% Vehicles 87% 1% Source: World Bank Development Indicators • • Child sees 300 ads a day Credit card debt – 972 Billion in America – Average outstanding balance: 10,679 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Global Priority $ U.S. Billions Cosmetics in the United States 8 Ice cream in Europe 11 Perfumes in Europe and the United States 12 Pet foods in Europe and the United States 17 Business entertainment in Japan 35 Cigarettes in Europe 50 Alcoholic drinks in Europe 105 Narcotics drugs in the world 400 Military spending in the world 780 Global Priority$U.S. Billions Basic education for all 6 Water and sanitation for all 9 Reproductive health for all women 12 Basic health and nutrition 13 (Source: The state of human development, United Nations Human Toxic Thought: Materialism Toxic Thought: Materialism Happiness found in consumption • No study finds associations between material gain and increased well­being • Materialistic values in college predict less happiness • The irony of materialistic actions – commuting – disrupts pleasure An Intellectual Legacy of Cynicism An Intellectual Legacy of Cynicism • The very emphasis of the commandment: Thou shalt not kill, makes it certain that we are descended from an endlessly long chain of generations of murderers, whose love of murder was in their blood as it is perhaps also in ours. Sigmund Freud • If any civilization is to survive, it is the morality of altruism that men have to reject. Ayn Rand • Of mankind we may say in general they are fickle, hypocritical, and greedy • of gain. Machiavelli • The natural world is “grossly immoral”. Natural section “can honestly be described as a process for maiximizing short sighted selfishness” George Williams Toxic Thoughts: Cynicism (Others Toxic Thoughts: Cynicism (Others are competitive, adversarial) Behavior in ultimatum game competitive, aggressive: Homo Economicus • Self­fulfilling prophecies of competition...
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2012 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 162 taught by Professor Keltner during the Spring '12 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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