Selflessgenes oxtrpolymorphismonthethird

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Unformatted text preview: ive affect cascades, playful teasing • Gratitude: Appreciation exercises boost happiness of couples • Loving Kindness: interventions boost happiness of couples (Neff) • Forgiveness: letting go of grudges calms stress­related physiology; forgiveness interventions boost well­being • Disclosure: Suppressing emotion elevates stress­related physiology of others • Idealization (Sandra Murray) Within Families: Principle of Within Families: Principle of Diversification (Sulloway, Born to Rebel) • Sibling conflict omnipresent, often violent • Birth order = power structure – – – First borns: Extraverted, conscientious Latter Borns: Agreeable, Open to Experience Studies of 28 scientific revolutions: Latter borns more likely to accept revolutionary scientific ideas • Tesser: Highly successful parents less close to children who go into careers close to their own Friendship history Friendship history • • • When did you meet your best friend Metaphor What has friend given to you? Friendship Friendship • Evolutionary theory: Reciprocal altruism (Trivers, 1971) cooperation with non­kin • – Cooperate in childrearing, defense, resource gathering • Alliance formation as a counter to alpha females, males • • (de Waal) Sexual selection theory: peer networks of potential reproductive partners Tend and befriend (Taylor, 2002) – Friendship and the dopamine, oxytocin interplay (dePue) • • • Dopamine accompanies approach (e.g., smiling, disclosure) Oxytocin rewards closeness Taylor: Oxytocin counteracts stress Feeling social support Feeling social support • Table 1: Measure of Social Support (From Zimet, Dalhem, Zimet, & Farley, • • • • • • • • • • • • 1988). There is a special person who is around when I am in need. There is a special person with whom I can share my joys and sorrows. My family really tries to help me. I get the emotional help and support I need from my family. I have a special person who is a real source of comfort for me. My friends really try to help me. I can count on my friends when things go wrong. I can talk about my problems with my family. I have friends with whom I can share my joys and sorrows. There is a special person in my life who cares about my feelings. My family is willing to help me make decisions. I can talk about my problems with my friends. An Ethic of modesty An Ethic of modesty Art of self­deprecation • Greeting...
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