Simon compassioninthevoicesimon thomasetal2009emotion

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Unformatted text preview: TTEST: The natural world is “grossly immoral”. Natural selection “can honestly be described as a process for maximizing short sighted selfishness ” George Williams • MORAL THEORY: Sympathy as a good natured emotion is always blind and weak . Immanuel Kant Darwin: Caregiving species and Darwin: Caregiving species and Survival of the Kindest sympathy, he argued, “will have been increased through natural selection; for those communities, which included the greatest number of the most sympathetic members, would flourish best, and rear the greatest number of offspring” (Darwin, 1871/2004, p.130). Take care or die Take care or die An imitative species: the An imitative species: the rudiments of empathy • Imitate scratches, posture, tones of voice, sculptures in museums • Subliminally presented smiles (Ohman & Dimberg, 1994) • Anderson et al., 2003: Roommates Emotions converge over the course of the year • Neonates and distress calls (Meltzoff) Empathic Pain (Naomi Empathic Pain (Naomi Eisenberger) Pain, others’ pain: anterior cingulate The Empathy Network: Tania Singer Empathy: prefrontal cortex, Empathy: prefrontal cortex, temporal parietal junction From imitation to understanding From imitation to understanding (Niedenthal et al., 2010) • Imitation gives rise to our embodied experience of others’ mental states • Behavioral synchrony predicts better – Teacher/student relationships – MD/patient relationships • Empathy in romantic relationships, friendships IMAGINE IMAGINE The great secret of morals is love, or a going out of our own nature, and an identification of ourselves with the beautiful which exists in thought, action or person, not our own. A man, to be greatly good, must imagine intensely and comprehensively; he must put himself in the place of another and of many others; the pains and pleasures of his species must become his own. The great instrument of moral good is the imagination. Shelley Emergence of Pro­social Emotion Emergence of Pro­social Emotion as evolutionarily stable strategy (Axelrod, 1984; Sober & Wilson, 1998) • As evolutionarily stable strategy: trait/adaptation that fares will vis­à­vis other strategies (Axelrod, 1984...
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