Thefeelingofreverenceforthingsthatare

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Unformatted text preview: vior in mammals Responsive to oxytocin interventions In humans – Responsive to baby faces – Kindness towards elderly – Ingroup harm – Pain regulation Vagus Nerve (Porges, 2001): Vagus Nerve (Porges, 2001): • • • • • Unique to mammals Modulates head movements, vocalizations Slow heart rate Interconnected with oxytocin networks Regulates digestion, immune system Oveis et al., 2009, JPSP Oveis et al., 2009, • How similar are you to… – Farmers, terrorists, the elderly, conservatives, liberals, doctors, the homeless, and… god forbid, Stanford Undergraduates Compassion promotes sense of Compassion promotes sense of similarity to the weak (Oveis et al., 0.4 2009) 0.3 Beta correlations between trait affect and similarity ratings 0.2 0.1 Compassion 0 -0.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.4 Low Vulnerability Moderate Vulnerability High Vulnerability Pride Epoch change in RSA Epoch change in RSA Self­reported compassion Self reported pride .33* Self­other similarity .29* ­.30* • Health of offspring – Secure attachment • • Sexual Selection Social Selection – Kind kids stronger social networks – Disagreeable individuals targets of gossip (Keltner et al., 2008) I m portance as m ate (3 = i ndi spensabl e) Compassion as an Adaptation Compassion as an Adaptation Shaped by Natural Selection 3.5 3 2.5 2 Women Men 1.5 1 0.5 0 Financial Prospect Beauty Kindness From Gene to Meme (Dawkins, 1978; From Gene to Meme Boyd & Richerson, 1985): Compassion as A Master Emotion? • Karen Armstrong: The Great Transformation – Axial age, Unites communities, religions • Martha Nussbaum: A Moral Emotion – Compassion as pathway to • Judgments about punishment, resource distribution • Compassion as trigger of gratitude, respect, modesty Compassion across cultures Compassion across cultures • Matthew 7:12 • • • • • • “In everything, therefore, treat people the same way you want them to treat you, for this is the Law and the Prophets.” (New American Standard Bible, 1995) Sextus the Pythagorean “What you wish your neighbors to be to you, you will also be to them.” Buddhism “Putting oneself in the place of another, one should not kill nor cause another to kill.” Hinduism (Mahabharata) “One should never do that to another which one regards as injurious to one’s own self.” Muhammad “Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you.” Taoism “He is kind to the kind; he is also kind to the unkind.” Dalai Lama “If you want others to...
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