Cow notsmells powerobscurity

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Unformatted text preview: be happy, practice compassion. If you want to be happy, practice compassion.” • _________________________________________________ Compassion deficits? Compassion deficits? • US only culture to practice solitary • • • • confinement (Atul Gawande, The New Yorker) US harshest prison sentences (2 million in prison) Levels of uninsured in US: 15­20% 150,000,000 million missing women worldwide: Kristof Konrath, 2011: Declines in empathy Cultivation Cultivation • Meditation – Kabat­Zinn, Fredrickson • Family Narratives – Oliners: rescuers’ narratives mention altruism • Making compassion a sticky concept – Phil Shaver: priming with compassion words “Hug” leads to less prejudice, more altruistic behavior • Giving Gratitude Gratitude • The feeling of reverence for things that are given (Emmons, 2007, Thanks) Moral Emotions (Hume, 1751; Smith, Moral Emotions 1759; Haidt, 2001; Greene et al., 2001) Era of Enlightenment: George Berkeley thought aromas, ether of cooperation Emotions = Moral Intuitions Chicken example Trolleyology (Greene, 2007): flip switch to vs. push Compassion Disgust Anger Elevation, gratitude Suffering, Harm Purity Autonomy, rights Others’ goodness Human genetics, set points, and Human genetics, set points, and change and cultivation • Pro­social and stress branches of nervous system, • emotional life Heritability co­efficients and happiness – – – – Twin studies: Extraversion .5 identical twins, .2 fraternal Dopamine, oxytocin polymorphisms Dopamine DR4 predicts self­reported altruism AVPR1A (vasopressin) predicts generosity in ultimatum game • The equation (Lyubomirsky) – – – 50% genetics 10% environment 40% voluntary activity Gratitude as a Moral Emotion Gratitude as a Moral Emotion • Feeling of appreciation, wonder, reverence for what is given • Historical Background – Adam Smith: Social glue of economic culture – R. Trivers (1971): Motive of reciprocal altruism amongst non­kin – Woodruff (2002): Reverence for what is given • Jen: reverence for humanity, generosity of others Reflection and Practice Reflection and Practice • Write...
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2012 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 162 taught by Professor Keltner during the Spring '12 term at Berkeley.

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