Oismandthemysteriousway taoismandthemysteriousway

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Unformatted text preview: of suffering, clinging, grasping, ignorance 3. Release: nirvana, disengage from grasping 4. 8 fold practice/path: action, thought – – – – Equanimity Loving kindness Kind speech Nonjudgmental mindfulness • Tibetan • If you want others to be happy, practice compassion, if you want to be happy practice compassion. His Holiness the Dalai Lama Confucianism and Jen Confucianism and (Confucius, Analects, 551 BC – 479 BC ) • A person of jen, Confucius observes, “wishing to establish his own character, also establishes the character of others.” • A person of jen “brings the good things of others to completion and does not bring the bad things of others to completion.” – Happiness found in respect and reverence, social harmony (Kitayama) Taoism and the mysterious way Taoism and the mysterious way (Lao Tzu: Tao Te Ching) • • • • • • • • When man is born, he is tender and weak At death he is stiff and hard All things, the grass as well as trees, are tender and subtle while alive When dead, they are withered and dried Therefore the stiff and the hard are companions of death The tender and weak are the companions of life If the tree is stiff, it will break The strong and the great are inferior, while the tender and the weak are superior ­happiness not grasped with rational mind and categories ­return to nature, not intentional striving ­happiness is contradictory, paradoxical (Opposite of a great truth is a great truth) ­ happiness in natural unfolding of being (Wu­Wei: Not acting) Big Insights Big Insights • Happiness is the central question in many philosophical traditions • Happiness is many things – Virtue – Pleasure – Afterlife – Ethics (Jen) – Mindfulness, loving kindness, kind speech – Non action, unfolding of being Predecessors to a Science of Predecessors to a Science of Happiness • • • • Darwin: Happy nonhumans? Freud: pleasure principle, catharsis Marx: Alienation Humanistic movements: self­actualization – Maslow, Rogers New Science of Happiness New Science of Happiness (Positive Psychology: Seligman, Peterson) • Uncharted territory: – – – – Anger ov...
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2012 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 162 taught by Professor Keltner during the Spring '12 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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