Surname: 1Name:Course:Date:Political Party System in The United StatesDefinition of a political partyThe United States has gone a long way in terms of evolution of the party systems. There have been various political parties that have been represented by various candidates during elections. Before discussing the evolution of party system in the United States, it is crucial to explain what a political party is. Basically, a political party is described as an organized group of individuals who have at least similar political ambitions and opinions, and that who aim at influencing the public policy by getting their candidates elected in public offices (McCormick, Richard L., 15). A group of people making up a political party seek to acquire and exercise political power. Political parties are rooted from Europe and the United States in the 19thcentury. The term party has been used to refer to all organized groups seeking political power, whether byrevolutions or through democratic elections. Political parties have various functions. One of these functions is petitioning and enunciating public policy priorities and human rights and problems that have been identified by the supporters and members of the party. Political parties also socialize and educate the public onhow the function and the electoral system activities. Members of political parties also seek to balance opposing demands and changing them into general rules. During political contestations, political parties activate and mobilize the public to participate in political decisions and transform their opinions into policies. Political parties also channel opinions from their
Surname: 2supporters to the government. During elections, political parties recruit and train candidates for public offices. Therefore, political parties are critical institutions of the modern democracy.