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1Running head: HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGYHumanistic PsychologyStudent’s NameInstitutional AffiliationDateInstructors Name
2HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGYAbstractHumanistic or humanism psychology is a psychological perspective which supports or isgrounded on the belief that humans are ultimately good and that they are capable of determiningtheir own behaviours and goals. The school of psychology emerged in the mid-20thcentury as inreaction to other forms of psychology including behaviorism and psychoanalysis. Theperspective of humanism was the view through the eyes of the person doing the behaviour butnot from the eyes of observer of the behaviour. The 1950s saw the development of the theory byindividual psychologists. The fact that humanism was individualized by several persons made itimpossible to come up with a general or common theory. However, there are consistent themescommon in all the definitions, works and materials put forward by the pioneers. This essay willdiscuss the theorists that were recognized as being important to the application of humanisticpsychology. The major theorists that will be discussed are considered to have prepared theground for humanistic psychology, they include; Abraham Maslow, Otto Rank, Carl Rogers andRollo May.
3HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGYHumanistic PsychologyHumanistic psychology is a movement in psychology conceptualized and developed inthe 1950s (Wertz, 1998). It is an approach that strives to discover good in people and help themin fulfilling their potential (Wertz, 1998). Humanistic psychology was developed by someindividual theorists as a rebellion to other movements of psychology in which the theoristsperceived to have limitations (Angoff, 1987). Humanism rejected the behaviorist movementbecause it utilized assumptions from the scientific study of people as organisms and did not lookinto the aspects of human beings such as feelings and thoughts (Wertz, 1998). The otherpsychological perspective that led to the development of humanism was the psychoanalysis.Psychoanalysis utilized the aspect of determining individual’s behaviours by studying their pastor early experiences. Therefore, humanism rejected the methodology of psychoanalysis andaimed to replace it, in that individual’s behaviour would not be linked to past experiences (Wertz,1998).The study by John Rowan, A Guide to Humanistic Psychology has provided insight onhumanism and its methodology. It indicates that humanism considers people as fundamentallyokay (Rowan, 2005). However, it does not mean that people are not destructive or that there is noevil in the world. The true nature of humanism is that if a person with an evil or destructivenature would be allowed to work or be involved, the person would learn to forget the evilnessand the destructiveness which apparently causes no problem (Rowan, 2005). The definitions andconcept of humanism was individualized by each of the theorists that came up with thehumanistic perspective of psychology. Therefore, it prevented for the development of a standardconceptualization of humanism. However, there are common themes present in the works and

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