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PHI_Notes_2.26.08 - PHI Jose Alvarez Argument vs...

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PHI 22:46:50 Jose Alvarez Argument vs. explanation o Argument 3 parts Inference o Leads to conclusion Reasons to convince 2 different contexts that arguments exist Discovery o Often uses logic but is also aesthetic o Is affected by what your interested in and your skill level The availability of information o In logic only need to depend on skill Justification o Uses logic 2 kinds of arguments Deductive o “mere” deductions If the premises are true then you get certainty. o Demonstrative arguments Descartes Geometrical method—a priori Inductive o Based on observation Lead to probability Are a posteriori .
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PHI 22:46:50 Jose Alvarez Appeal to ignorance: trying to convince yourself that there is gold in the mountains of Virginia, so you say no one has proven there isn’t gold there so therefore there is gold there. o Explanation Is meant for clarification Non-persuasive Can make an excuse for something also
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