Gould Planet of Bacteria Study Guide.docx - u201cPlanet of...

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“Planet of Bacteria” Study Guide Terminology: Monera Archaea Bacteria Eukarya ubiquitous diversity genome methanogenic cyanobacteria heterotrophic biomass oxygen genome culture media Reading Questions 1. What % of the Earth’s 6-billion-year history has been inhabited by prokaryotes?2.How long of a gap is there between fossil evidence for the first prokaryote and evidence for the first eukaryotes? When did the first multicellular animals appear in the fossil record?3.Why is it actually inaccurate to call the bacteria in and on you “normal flora”? What does “flora” mean? Why did scientists once use this term to describe bacteria?4.Why don’t biologists use the term “Kingdom Monera” anymore? 5.Are you, as a human, more or less closely related to a fungus than a bacterial cell? Are Archaea more closely related to Bacteria or are Archaea more closely related to humans? How do we measure this?

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