3. Sociological Theory, student (blank).docx - Week 2...

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Week 2: Sociological Theory & Methods Today: Sociological Theory Functionalism Conflict Symbolic Interaction Functionalism Macro (“Bird’s eye view” of society) Focuses on order and cohesion in society Society is a single unit made of inter-dependent parts that work together Society is made of interrelated parts that work together Each part of society has a function That function gives each part meaning/worth Interrelatedness produces stability and efficiency Cooperation & consensus social stability . Interrelatedness produces stability and cohesion Functionalists are interested in how institutions contribute to social forces Social Facts aspects of social life that shape our (i.e. all or most of society) actions as individuals Independent of individuals i.e. it is (1) ___ social ___, (2) _____ widespread _____, and is (3) _____ coercive _____ Two types Material social facts social structures (e.g., economy, education system, etc.) Non-material social facts values and _____ norms ______

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