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contemporary federalism

contemporary federalism - Determined by formula including...

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The Money Game
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The Grant System Categorical/Project Grants Block Grants Revenue Sharing Formula Grant Entitlement Grants Operating/Capital Grants
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Categorical/Project Grants   Given by Federal Government to states/cities Fixed, specific purpose defined by law, e.g., “Construct interstate highway, build airport” Usually requires matching funds, not even matching (90%, 10%)
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Block Grants   Given by Federal Government to States/cities, etc. May require matching funds Given for much broader programs with less specificity: improve housing, education, etc. Examples: CDBG.
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Revenue Sharing   “Free money” given to states with no restrictions
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Unformatted text preview: Determined by formula, including population, tax base, etc. Ended in ‘86 Formula Grants Can be: Categorical/Project, Block, or Revenue Sharing Funding determined by formula; depends on type of grant, etc Entitlement Grants Federal/State funds for individuals for social insurance/equity Usually income based Can include both grants and loans, ex: Federal Student Loans Operating/Capital Grants Can be Categorical/Block Operating: funding for operation of a program Capital: funding for major expenses, new bridge, create new agency, etc....
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