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Lecture 5 - Personality over time - Stability Change Coherence W11

Predictinglifeoutcomes adulthood adolescence

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Unformatted text preview: orced mothers, non­mothers & working mothers: All increased in independence Stay­at­home moms had no increase in independence Important to examine subgroups Change over time: A cohort effect Cohort Effect Personality change due to social times of individuals Examples? Predicting Life Outcomes Adulthood Adolescence Predicting Outcomes: Marital dissatisfaction Neuroticism of either spouse Husband’s lack of impulse control Neuroticism of both + husband’s lack of impulse control Predictors of marital dissatisfaction/divorce Kelly & Conley, 1987 Predicting Outcomes: Alcoholism & Emotional Problems Higher neuroticism (observer ratings) Emotional problems & Alcoholism Higher neuroticism & Lower impulse control Alcoholism Conley & Angelies, 1984 Predicting Outcomes: High/Low Achievement High impulsivity Low GPA & failure High self­control More job attainment & financial security Conscientiousness = best predictor of (academic) achievement Abe, 2005; Kipnis, 1971; Roberts et al., 2003 Predicting Outcomes: Health & Longevity High Conscientiousness High Extraversion Better health + life longevity Low Hostility Danner et al., 2001; Friedman, 1995 Video Childhood Onset Schizophrenia Predicting Outcomes : Schizophreniform Disorder Schizophreniform Disorder Consists of schizophrenia symptoms: Hallucinations, delusions, catanonia, disorganized speech/behaviour, negative symptoms (e.g., flat affect) Lasts 1 to 6 months; not uncommon to later have a diagnosis of schizophrenia Many aspects of schizophreniform disorder related to personality and personality disorders APA, 2000 Predicting Outcomes: Schizophreniform Disorder Poulton et al., 2000 Longitudinal study predicting schizophrenia symptoms (age 11 to 26) Main Findings: (for those with “high” symptoms at 11­years old) ­25% had a diagnosis of Schizophreniform disorder at age 26 ­70% had at least one symptom (but no diagnosis) at age 26 ­90% had impaired functioning at age 26...
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