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1 Historical Accounts of Athens Brayden McKay 170917400 GG271OC - Temporal Perspectives October 23rd 2020
2 Introduction In the southeastern region of Balkan Peninsula lies a greek city-state of the name Athens, one of the most well known and significant of its kind that has made drastic impacts throughout history. Athens was simply the largest and most powerful of any Greek state, not to mention being filled with beauty throughout, from its vibrant buildings to shops and even public baths. During the early portion of the middle edges, Byzantine Empire controlled Athens, it was later controlled by the Frankish Duchy. However, since the year of 1833, Athens has been the capital city (Byzantine Athens,N/A). During the time of the ancient Greeks this was the centre point to not only power but all of the arts, sciences, and philosophy in the world. Although that time is long past and their way of life would be as drastically different from today as you could imagine, Athens was behind the development of ideas that influenced many of the systems we use today. One of the most notable accomplishments of Athens, was their impact on their legal system, where democracy was first used, the newly found idea of everybody being equal. The architecture was like nothing else ever seen before, the medicine and philosophy would too go down in history. As you may imagine, with such a powerful state, peace may not come with ease, nor will a foundation of this great nature come to fruition with ease. Throughout this paper, I’ll be diving deeper into the history, the major features, and the overall composition of the Greek city-state of Athens. Location of the City Throughout history, we have seen many different variations of maps of this greek state. While they do differ, the location of Athens has stayed put throughout time. As mentioned above, Athens is located in the southeastern part of Balkan Peninsula, which is approximately five miles away from the bay of Phaleron, which connects to the Aegean Sea (Geography of the Ancient Greek World and Aegean Map. 2003). The city lies in the center
3 of the Attica plain, while three sides of the city face mountains while the fourth lies along the sea. Before a unique Attica state was formed, it was merely independent towns filling said area. With the coast facing the Aegean Sea, ample opportunity became available for additional maritime and trade to occur. Piraeus can be seen just below Athens in Figure 1, which is one of the most important harbours in Greece. Only around five miles from Athens, in addition to that, in Piraeus many businesses existed and often found great deals of success (Cartwright, 2020). This example goes to show the importance of geographical location in the development of cities, especially in the times of Ancient Greece and Athens.