ADHD-Revised

ADHD-Revised - Teaching Students with Attention Deficit/...

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    Teaching Students with Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder SPE 300-003 Spring 2006
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    What is ADHD? Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is a  neurological condition related, in part, to the  brain’s chemistry and anatomy. ADHD manifests itself as a  persistent pattern of  inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity  that  occurs  more frequently and more severely  than  is typically observed in people at comparable  levels of development.
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    What is ADHD?  (cont.) ADHD begins in childhood and can  persist into adulthood.  While some children outgrow ADHD,  about 60% continue to have symptoms  into adulthood.
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    Some General Issues in  ADHD In the past decade, public awareness about ADHD has increased. The legal basis for services and protections against discrimination for ADHD come from the IDEA and Section 504 . Unsuccessful efforts were made in 1990 to add ADHD as a separate disability category under the IDEA.
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    Issues  (cont.) Children with ADHD may also be served in other special education categories such as: Learning disabilities Emotional or behavioral disorders Mental retardation A sizeable number of students with ADHD are not qualifying for special education services under the IDEA. Many of these students receive accommodations under Section 504.
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    Section 504 Section 504 has been  and may continue to  be the primary legal  basis for services to  this population. Section 504 is not a  special education law.   It is a  civil rights  law. Section 504 provides  for a larger group of  students with  disabilities and differs  in many respects from  the IDEA.
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    Basic Concepts About ADHD ADHD is an invisible, hidden disability. ADHD is not hard to spot in the classroom. Many ADHD behaviors may be misinterpreted as lazy, unorganized, and even disrespectful. In the majority of cases, ADHD is a developmental disability that becomes apparent before the age of seven . ADHD continues to be problematic for most individuals during adulthood. ADHD may have a negative impact on a student’s academic and social success. ADHD occurs across all cultural, racial, and socioeconomic groups. ADHD affects children and adults with all levels of intelligence.
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    DSM-IV Diagnostic Criteria for ADHD See: Smith, et al (2004). Figure 5.2, p. 129) Primary ADHD Symptoms: inattention  Hyperactivity Impulsivity Types of ADHD: ADHD, Predominantly  Inattentive Type  ADHD, Predominantly  Hyperactive-Impulsive  Type ADHD, Combined Type ADHD, Not Otherwise  Specified ADHD is distinguished  from  Conduct Disorder   and  Oppositional Defiant  Disorder .
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    Prevalence of ADHD ADHD is the most common childhood psychiatric disorder. Estimates range
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ADHD-Revised - Teaching Students with Attention Deficit/...

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