That is no entropy is exchanged during a work

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: ergy interaction that is accompanied by entropy transfer is heat transfer, and an energy interaction that is not accompanied by entropy transfer is work. That is, no entropy is exchanged during a work interaction between a system and its surroundings. Thus, only energy is exchanged during work interaction whereas both energy and entropy are exchanged during heat transfer (Fig. 7–59). 2 Mass Flow Mass contains entropy as well as energy, and the entropy and energy contents of a system are proportional to the mass. (When the mass of a system is doubled, so are the entropy and energy contents of the system.) Both entropy and energy are carried into or out of a system by streams of matter, and the rates of entropy and energy transport into or out of a system are proportional to the mass flow rate. Closed systems do not involve any mass flow and thus any entropy transfer by mass. When a mass in the amount of m enters or leaves a system, entropy in the amount of ms, where s is the specific entropy (entropy per unit mass entering or leaving), accompanies it (Fig. 7–60). That is, Entropy transfer by mass flow: Smass ms (7–74) Therefore, the entropy of a...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online