The melting temperature and the heat of fusion of ice

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Unformatted text preview: e. The valve remains open during the process so that the trapped air also reaches mechanical equilibrium with the atmosphere. Determine the net heat transfer through the wall of the bottle and the entropy generation during this filling process. Answers: 0.5 kJ, 0.0017 kJ/K 7–177 (a) Water flows through a shower head steadily at a rate of 10 L/min. An electric resistance heater placed in the water pipe heats the water from 16°C to 43°C. Taking the density of water to be 1 kg/L, determine the electric power input to the heater, in kW, and the rate of entropy generation during this process, in kW/K. (b) In an effort to conserve energy, it is proposed to pass the drained warm water at a temperature of 39°C through a heat exchanger to preheat the incoming cold water. If the heat exchanger has an effectiveness of 0.50 (that is, it recovers only half of the energy that can possibly be transferred from the drained water to incoming cold water), determine the electric power input required in this case and the redu...
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