History 4.pptx - Religious Scholars Shah WaliUllah Syed...

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Religious Scholars Shah WaliUllah Syed Ahmad Shaheed Haji Shariatullah
Shah Wali Ullah Shah Wali Ullah] Shah Wali Ullah was a great scholar and reformer. He was educated at Madras-i-Rahimiya that was founded by his father. He pointed out that the lack of knowledge about Islam was the main reason of decline of Mughal rule in India. [Translation of Quran] Only few Muslims were able to understand (know/speak) Arabic language so he translated the Holy Quran in Persian which was common language of Muslims in India to increase understanding (knowledge) of Islam. [Shia-Sunni differences] Muslims of India were divided in Shia and Sunni sects (religious groups). He wrote an account (life history/biography) on first four caliphs of Islam to reduce (decrease) differences between Shia and Sunni Muslims and increase unity in them. [Reform Society] He wrote 51 books to spread Islamic teachings to whole India. Hujjatullah-ul- Baligha was his famous work. He also tried to improve Muslim society. He advised Muslims to respect workers and adopt principles of equality and social justice. He struggled to purify Muslim society from Hindu customs. [Invitation to Ahmad Shah] Shah Wali Ullah was worried from growing power of Marathas in India. He invited Afghan ruler Ahmad Shah Abdali for help, who defeated Marathas in the third battle of Panipat in 1761. SWU was partly successful because Mughal rulers failed to improve themselves.
Shah Wali Ullah Why did Shah Wali Ullah Wish to revive Islam?
Why did Shah wali Ullah translate Quran in persian?

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