OC Exam 1 Authors notes

OC Exam 1 Authors notes - • Chapter 1 • Understanding...

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Unformatted text preview: • Chapter 1 • Understanding Organized Crime • What is Organized Crime? • For almost one hundred years, speculation has flourished regarding the true nature of organized crime in the United States • Countless investigations and governmental studies • Academics and scholars • Entertainment industry • Media • Cressey’s view • Smith’s view • Compounding the task of defining organized crime, is the serious problem concerning evidence • Authors • Law enforcement agencies • Media accounts • Autobiographies by former mobsters • Government reports • Court files • Perhaps the greatest problem in understanding organized crime is not the word crime but the word organized • Public • Criminologists • Research literature • Redefining Organized Crime • Traditional arguments about the structure, attributes, and characteristics of organized crime have come under even greater criticism in the 21 st Century • Economic, political, and social conditions • Globalization • Letizia Paoli • Manuel Castells • American law enforcement agencies have been very slow to respond to the profound changes in organized crime brought about by globalization • National Criminal Intelligence Service (NCIS) • Has the primary responsibility for analyzing intelligence on organized crime • The NCIS describes organized crime as having four salient attributes • An organized crime group contains at least three people • The criminal activity the group engages in is ongoing and indefinite in duration • The group is motivated by a desire for profit or power • The group commits serious criminal offenses • This is a very different view of organized crime than the one traditionally employed by law enforcement agencies • Globalization and Organized Crime • Globalization is an immensely complex topic • It is important to understand the impact • Accommodating these economic changes • Humans as a commodity • Illegal immigrants • Sex trade • Illegal arms sales • Drug smuggling • The Criminal Group • Core group of criminals • Political actors • Computer experts • Financial advisors • Structure of the criminal group • Bosses • Commission • Capos • Soldiers • Organizing for profit • Profit-making enterprises of organized crime • Organized Crime Networks or Global Mafias? • Concepts, definitions, and attributes • Prohibition Era • Cocaine trade • The Forms of Organized Crime • United Nations study • Five ideal types of criminal organizations • Standard Hierarchy • Single organized crime group, usually led by a single powerful individual • Regional Hierarchy • Autonomy and independence is granted • Single leadership structure and a clear line of command • Clustered Hierarchy • Involves a number of smaller organized crime groups • Mexico’s Arellano-Felix Organization • Core Group • One of the most important emerging forms of organized crime • Unstructured group of organized criminals •...
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OC Exam 1 Authors notes - • Chapter 1 • Understanding...

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