S321 notes - S321 notes Diversity in conceptualizing having sex Different acts\/levels and if you define that as sex Problem with prior studies

S321 notes - S321 notes Diversity in conceptualizing...

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S321 notes 1/16/20 Diversity in conceptualizing having sex Different acts/levels and if you define that as sex Problem with prior studies Assumed individuals had clear definitions of what behaviors do and do not constitute “having sex” Thus, relied on yes or no *definition of sex has been changes, no consistent definition Social pressures for saying yes or no on whether or not they have had sex Updating the Survey Mixed methods, survey and interview, use 4 point scale instead of yes/no No gender difference between what constitutes sex, but women give detailed reasons as to why or why not sex, and men would give little to no reason as to why something is constituted as sex The qualitative component of updated survey gave reason to uncertainty if something is sex Gender Difference in Counting Men report having more partners than women over the course of their lifetimes Even when researchers define sex, the gender difference remains o Shame? o Social desirability, men inflate, women undercount o Women try to count, men estimate o Memory Gender differences get smaller if timeframe is shorter Reading Questions – Are we having sex now or what Most compelling point classifying what counts as sex? How did having sex with women complicate her classification process? How does consent factor into having sex? How does this affect conventional understanding of loss of virginity? (is a virgin who was raped still a virgin?) o Only consensual sex counts (mutual consent) What are implications for more expansive classifications of sex? So, what counts as sex? 1/23/20 Social Theory and Sexuality Classical theory o Structural functionalism Early theory, views society like something organized into parts that each has a function to fulfill, very little to say about sexuality (men wage earners women are home makers), society was better when roles were played o Conflict theory – this and structural funct are macro level theories
o Symbolic interactionism Emphasizes individual level analysis focusing on individuals rather than structures The meanings individuals attach to sexual behavior How behavior changes through interactions with others Two very influential theories emerge Social constructionism – through social interaction people create shared meaning that is upheld through norms, laws, and social institutions Sexual scripting – people have scripts that tell us who to be

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