mgt 400 test #3 - notes

mgt 400 test #3 - notes - 10/24/07 Leadership I. Leadership...

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10/24/07 Leadership I. Leadership is both a process and property. The process is the use of noncoercive influence to direct and coordinate the activities of group members toward accomplishing organizational objectives. As a property, leadership is the set of qualities attributed to those who successfully employ such influence. II. Evolution of current thought – see chart in notes a. Trait Approach – leaders possess certain characteristics; lots of research on it, 1920s(e.g. ambition, empathy, high self-esteem, extroversion, intelligence, persistence) i. Results – not very worthy of usefulness 1. learn virtually nothing of effective leaders (older books) 2. learned little about leader effectiveness; height (newer books) 3. Dimension of extraversion are related to who emerges as a leader b. Behavioral approach (1950s – present; doesn’t work very well either) searches for a few behaviors exhibited by the leader that are always associated with effective group functioning (send money I’ll pray example Phil) i. Ohio State Studies 1. Consideration – behavior indicating mutual trust, a certain warmth and rapport, b/w the leader and group; similar to UofMichigan “employee centered behavior” 2. Initiating structure (pushing for production) – behavior in which the super/leader organizes and defines individual and group objectives; similar to UofMichigan “job centered behavior” ii. Want for previous # 1 and 2: high consideration and high initiating structure leaders iii. Managerial grid (Blake and Mouton) – see graph iv. Research generally suggests few/weak relationships w/ effective group functioning v. If anything, considerate leaders are reported to be better leaders c. Contingency-trait approach – effective leadership is a function of leader traits AND the situation i. Leader Style – the extent to which the leader use his/her least preferred co-worker (LPC) as similar to himself 1. Clinical psychology 2. LPC is a “trait” – more similar than different 3. LPC really measures your relationship orientation ii. p 524: Situation Control 1. Leader-member relations; high if like leader, low if hate leader
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2. task structure – high structure when you know procedures to do and check to see if there right, vice versa 3. Position power – controlling raises, bonuses, etc… iii. LEADERMATCH – training program in which people learn to
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course MGT 400 taught by Professor Roth during the Spring '08 term at Clemson.

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mgt 400 test #3 - notes - 10/24/07 Leadership I. Leadership...

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