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Unformatted text preview: Quiz 1 Chapter 1: Introduction to HR Development Training : short term, aimed at specific task. The process of providing KSAs specific to job. Development : Long term, more general, concerned with the future. Focus on preparing for future job responsibilities while increasing the capacities of employees to learn their job. Differences : Training focuses on the current while development on the future. Development has a longer time frame than training. Development is more gradual than training. Finally there is more investment risk associated with development. Education gives knowledge, where as train is hands on High Leverage Training: Must meet four characteristics: 1) Specific to the business strategy 2) Structured in way to facilitate learning 3) Benchmarks against other great companies 4) Based on formal needs assessment HRD: The set of systematic and planned activities designed by an organization to provide the members with the opportunities to learn necessary skills to meet current and future job demands. Learning is the core of HRD Goals: 1) Create, sustain higher performance levels in general…”high performance work systems” 2) Create conditions for “continuous improvement” 3) Prepare for future: Solve current problems, prevent anticipated problems, include as participants those individuals and units that can benefit most Where does HRD come from?- Early apprenticeship training programs (1700s) o Theory X, Theory Y, Theory X(ppl want to belong to groups)- Early vocational education programs (1800s) o On the job training. Foundation of labor unions o 1809: Dewitt Clinton starts first vocational school. Skills to earn living (NYC). Poor youth, older chronically unemployed, young with prison records o 1907: 1 st government attempt to subsidize vocational schools- Factory Schools (1872+): Industrial revolution: replaced skilled men with machines- Early training for semiskilled and unskilled workers(1913+): couldn’t find enough people to operate machines. Ford was first to do. Then WWI- Human Relations Movement (1930s-40s) o 1926: Mary Parker Fillen, Lillian Jewelry: Conflict isn’t always bad o 1938: Chester Bernant- CEO New Jersey Bell Tech…said missing a lot when ignore ppl o 1940s: Abraham Lasloe: hierarchy of Needs: Appeal to lowest level of unsatisfied need- Establishment of Training Profession (WWII): Transform peacetime economy to wartime economy o ASTD (American Society for Training and directors) Established about 44. Changed in 60s to different name- Emergence of HRD (1960s-preesnt) o From training (factory floor) to Development (classroom) to Learning (conference...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course MGT 308 taught by Professor Hagan during the Fall '06 term at University of Miami.
- Fall '06