Evolution - Darwin and Evolution 1809 - 1882 Finches...

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Darwin and Evolution Darwin and Evolution 1809 - 1882 Finches
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History of Evolutionary Thought Pre-Darwinian - Influenced by Theology, Myth and Superstition Anaximander (611-547 B.C.) - Organisms evolve over time Plato (427-347 B.C.) - Objects are temporary reflections of ideal forms Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) - All living things can be arranged in a linear hierarchy -- Scala naturae Creationism - a god is absolute creator of heaven and earth, out of nothing, by an act of free will; includes Christians, Jews, and Muslims Spontaneous Generation
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History of Evolutionary Thought Taxonomy matured during mid-eighteenth century Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778): - The fixity of species - That each species had: An ideal structure and function, and A place in the scala naturae (scale of complexity) - Binomial system of nomenclature Count Buffon (1707-1788): - Wrote 44-volume catalog of all known plants and animals - Suggested descent with modification Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802): - Suggested common descent; evidence in developmental patterns, artificial selection, vestigial organs
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Evolutionary Thought Late eighteenth century Cuvier (1769-1832): First to use comparative anatomy to develop a system of classification - Local catastrophes in past had caused later strata to have a new mix of fossils - After each catastrophe, the region was repopulated by species from surrounding areas Founded Paleontology - fossils Proposed Catastrophism
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Evolutionary Thought Lamarck (1744-1829): First biologist to propose evolution and link diversity with environmental adaptation Concluded more complex organisms are descended from less complex organisms Proposed Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics – Lamarckianism Charles Lyell (1797-1875): Earth is subject to slow but
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Evolution - Darwin and Evolution 1809 - 1882 Finches...

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