biomolecules

biomolecules - Organic Chemistry Carbon Contains a total of...

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Organic Chemistry Organic Chemistry
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Carbon Carbon Contains a total of 6 e - 4 e - in outer shell Very diverse as one atom can bond with up to four other atoms Often bonds with other carbon atoms to make hydrocarbons Can produce long carbon chains like octane Can produce ring forms like cyclohexane
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Polar; some sugars Example: Acetone Polar, forms H-bonds; some sugars and amino acids Example: Ethanol R OH R H C O R R C O R OH C O R H N H R SH Thiols Phosphate Amines Amino Carboxylic Acids Carboxyl Ketones Aldehydes Carbonyl Alcohols Hydroxyl Compound Structure Group Sulfhydryl Organic Phosphates Significance Polar; some sugars Example: Formaldehyde Polar, acidic; fats and amino acids Example: Acetic acid Polar, basic; amino acids Example: Tryptophan Disulfide Bonds; some amino acids Example: Ethanethiol Polar, acidic; some amino acids Example: Adenosine triphosphate Biologically Important Functional Groups Biologically Important Functional Groups R -O-P-OH = - O OH
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Isomers Isomers Isomers Isomers - - organic molecules that have: organic molecules that have: Identical molecular formulas, but Identical molecular formulas, but Differing internal arrangement of atoms Differing internal arrangement of atoms
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Macromolecules Macromolecules Large molecules usually consisting of many repeating units Resulting molecule is a polymer (many parts) Repeating units are called monomers Some examples: Nucleotide
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biomolecules - Organic Chemistry Carbon Contains a total of...

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