The Big Sleep: MasculinityThe Big Sleep, written by Raymond Chandler, praises private detective Philip Marlowe as an American masculine protagonist. Nevertheless, Marlowe’s bigot and homophobic discriminations expose that his sexuality derives at the outflow of women and nontraditionally virile men, as well as Marlowe himself. Throughout the book, Marlowe’s deep attentive masculinity proves his character to be spiteful. His discriminations cause him immense sorrow, as the mass of preserving his personal stern morals disconnects him even from prospective associates. For example, Marlowe ridicules “small man” Harry Jones due to his height, which does not imitate Marlowe’s morals of manliness. He also describes Jones’s eyes as “hard as oyster on a half shell.” Marlowe mocks, and defies feminism and any sort of unconventional machismo. The yawning intent masculinity Chandler signifies in his character is eventually unpleasant. Yet such appraisal possibly was not Chandler’s intent, the novel deceives the boundaries and hazards of inflexible devotion to orthodox manhood.Marlowe drinks, brawls, and stands for integrity and honesty. In numerousinstances, Marlowe buys “a pint of whiskey” either to drink in his car as he patrols a suspect’s locations or merely to drink away the judgments of the day. Chandler illustrates Marlowe’s capability to hold his drink as symbolic of commendable willpower and proposes Chandler depicts alcohol as a consolation seemly fit for men.for masculine men. Chandler customs Marlowe’s sensuality and courage in this happenstance to represent him as a stout and bold manly man. Marlowe has a noble ethical extent. He declares hisinspiration in compelling General Sternwood’s blackmail occasion has been “to protect what little pride a broken and sick old man has left in his blood.” Therefore, Chandler embodies Marlowe’s virility as suitable for the established honorable American label, and as a countless private advantage.Chandler signifies Marlowe as the epitome of manly men—vigorous, courageous, worthy, and able to hold his drink. Still, Marlowe relishes these private advantages in segregation. His contempt and discrimination concerning women and individuals he acknowledges as deviant men depart Marlowe with no associates, support, or friends. “You can have a hangover from other things than alcohol. I had one from women. Women made me sick.” His contempt for females and others divulges Marlowe’s notion of manliness centers on the mindsets of male power and modesty. He is incapable of assent régimes that do not fit into this inflexible world interpretation, displaying stress when his morals are defied. Therefore, while Chandler’s peculiar masculinity might appear symbolic, such a régime is fundamentally restraining and profoundly destructive.