Nutrition Assessment Lecture

Nutrition Assessment Lecture - Nutrition Assessment Judith...

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Nutrition Assessment Judith M. Richman, M.S.,R.D.,L.D.N. Northeastern University
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Nutrition Screening First Step at Health Care Facilities Identify Patients at Risk for Malnutrition Underweight/ Recent weight loss/ anorexia/ bulemia DM Compromised nutritional status prior to developing health problem PEM GI Symptoms/ GI surgeries/ malabsorption Decubitus ulcers, nonhealing wounds End stage liver or kidney diseases Dysphagia Tube Feedings or Parenteral Nutrition
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Nutrition Assessment Definition: Evaluate nutritional status to determine nutrient and education needs and plan realistic and effective interventions to meet those needs Development of Care Plans ( goal specific) Include 4 major components Histories: Health, Drug, Personal and Diet Anthropometrics Measurements Lab Results Physical exams
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HISTORICAL INFORMATION Health History: Chart Review Health problems that require diet modifications Potential health problems that modified diet might delay or help prevent Symptoms that can affect food intake or alter nutrient needs Physical disabilities that interfere with a person’s ability to prepare or eat adequately Pressure Ulcers Depression
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HISTORICAL INFORMATION Drug History Medications that affect appetite Medications that affect hydration status Dietary supplements Medications that may cause GI distress Medications that affect Blood Sugars
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HISTORICAL INFORMATION Personal History Age, gender Who prepares food at home/ facilities available Religious issues Education Level Coping Skills Financial constraints
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HISTORICAL INFORMATION Diet History At facility/hospital setting: % meal intake records (observation) Calorie Counts Usual intake method or 24 hour recall At Home/ Out patient situation: Usual intake method or 24 hour recall Food Frequency Questionnaire Food Records
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The Art of Assessing Food Intake Nutrition Research To identify possible nutrient deficiencies or excesses To study nutrient requirements and functions,
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course BHS 105 taught by Professor Richmann during the Fall '07 term at Northeastern.

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Nutrition Assessment Lecture - Nutrition Assessment Judith...

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