Psych Quiz 4

Psych Quiz 4 - Psych Quiz 4 Learning experience of a...

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Psych Quiz 4 - Learning: experience of a situation of environment at one point in time which alters behavior at another point in time o 2 types: classical and operant - Behaviorism: observable acts o Watson: stimulus and response o Skinner: some learning we can’t see It’s there but can’t be measured - Classical : Pavlov influenced Watson o Reflex : automatic response to a stimulus o Stimulus response : action that follows and event You learn to respond in a specific way to a specific stimulus o Pavlov’s Dogs : salivate prior to food Associate the presentation of the plate with food Elicits a response Neutral : no reaction (the plate) Unconditioned: reflex (the food) Neutral/unconditioned: reflex (the plate with the food) Conditioned: conditioned response (plate) Law of association by contiguity Predicts a thought (Aristotle) Classical behavior (Pavlov) Extinction: no longer occurs without the stimulus Spontaneous Recovery: after a time away, conditioned response occurs again Generalization: anything that sounds similar will produce a conditioned response
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Decriminalization: not just any noise, it has to be something very close to the neutral stimulus - Operant Conditioning: consequence of operant response affects likelihood that it will occur again o Shaping: successively closer approximations to the desired response are reinforced o Positive reinforcement: give stimulus to get more of the behavior o Negative reinforcement: remove stimulus to get more of the behavior o Punishment: addiction of stimulus reduces behavior o Continuous reinforcement:
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Psych Quiz 4 - Psych Quiz 4 Learning experience of a...

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