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Studying Gender as a Social RealityLesson 1Gender as a Social RealityOBJECTIVES:1.To know the difference of gender and sex2.To define gender role, gender identity, gender norm3.To give details on gender is a social constructThe sociology of gender examines how society influences our understandings andperceptions of differences between masculinity and femininity. What society deems appropriatebehavior for a man and for a girl? We examine how this influencesIdentityandsocial practices.Gender is an important consideration in development. It is a way of looking at howsocial norms and power structures impact on the lives and opportunities available to differentgroups of men and women. Globally, more women than men live in poverty. Women are alsoless likely than men to receive basic education and to be appointed to a political positionnationally and internationally. Understanding that men and women, boys and girls experiencepoverty differently and face different barriers in accessing services, economic resources andpolitical opportunities helps to target interventions (Kangas et.al., 2015).GenderandSexhave been used interchangeably, but their uses are becomingincreasingly distinct, and it is important to understand the differences between the two or theydo not align always.Sexrefers to the biological differences between males and females such asgenitalia and genetic differences.Genderrefers to the personal traits and social positions that members of a society isattach to being male and female (Maciones 2002). Gender for him is a dimension of socialorganization, shaping how we interact with others and how we think about ourselves.Genderis the state of being male or female in relation to the distinguishing qualities or characteristics ofthe individual’s embodiment and the expectations, responsibilities, and behaviors that are consideredappropriate for men and women. In other words, it can refer to the specific roles of a male and femalethat is expected to perform within society or even within the family known asgender role, or anindividual’s concept of oneself as a male or female-how a person feels and who they know themselves tobe when it comes to their gender, orgender identity.