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1Group Processes and Stages of FormationTracy NewmanMasters in Nursing, Walden UniversityNRNP 6650A-1 Psychotherapy with Groups and FamiliesDr. Timothy LeggOctober 17, 2020
2Group Processes and Stages of FormationTo assess an individual's appropriateness for group therapy, the psychiatric mental healthnurse practitioner (PMHNP) should consider group processes and stages of formation. Thispaper will discuss group processes, stages of formation, and curative factors within the group, asillustrated in the video. It will also highlight intragroup conflict and propose conflictmanagement techniques. Group Process Group process refers to how individuals work together to get things done (Stone & Kwan2016). Typically, groups spend a lot of time and energy goal setting and working to achieve thosegoals but give little thought to what is happening amongst the group's most significant resource,the members (Stone & Kwan 2016). People are individuals pursuing their own personal, privateinterests, but they are also social collectives that tie members together (Stone & Kwan 2016).According to (Stone and Kwan (2016), the processes within these groups profoundly affect theirmembers and society-at-large. Just as the dynamic processes that occur in groups such as sharinginformation among members, leading and following, placing pressure on members to adhere tothe group's expectations, shifting friendship affiliations, and conflict and collaboration changethe group, so do they change the group's members (Stone & Kwan 2016). To be successful,groups must be able to work together, contributing as a group toward results. But this does nothappen automatically: it evolves as the group works collectively together. Stages of FormationThe process of learning to work together effectively is known as team development,according to Seck and Helton (2014). Research has shown teams go through categorical stages ofgrowth. Bruce Tuckman, an educational psychologist, described a five-stage development model
3that most teams follow to become successful. He called the stages: forming, storming, norming,performing, and adjourning.Seck and Helton (2014) note the forming stage involves a period of orientation andacquaintance. During this stage, uncertainty is high, and individuals seek leadership andauthority. At this point, individual roles and responsibilities are unclear, and interactions aresocial as individuals become acquainted (Seck & Helton, 2014). According to Seck and Helton