Psychology Key terms.docx1

Psychology Key terms.docx1 - Key Terms- Ch. 6, 9, 10...

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Key Terms- Ch. 6, 9, 10 Chapter 6: Learning- Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about through experience. Classical Conditioning- A form of learning in which a previously neutral stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus to elicit a conditioned response that is identical to or very similar to the unconditioned response. Operant Conditioning- Learning in which the consequences of behavior lead to changes in the probability of its occurrence. Positive Reinforcement- Any consequence of behavior that leads to an increase in the probability of its occurrence. Fixed Ratio Schedule- A reinforcement schedule in which the reinforcer is giver only after a specified number of responses. Variable Ratio Schedule- A reinforcement schedule in which the reinforcer is given after a varying number of responses have been made. Fixed Interval Schedule- A reinforcement schedule in which the reinforcer is given following the first response occurring after a predetermined period of time. Variable Interval Schedule- A reinforcement schedule in which the reinforcer is given following the first response occurring after a variable amount of time. Shaping- A strategy of positively reinforcing behaviors that are successfully more similar to desired behaviors. Negative Reinforcement- Occurs when a behavior is followed by the removal or the avoidance of a negative event, and the probability that the behavior will occur in the future increases as a result. Punishment- A negative consequence of a behavior, which leads to a decrease in the frequency of the behavior that produces it. Extinction- The process of unlearning a learned response because of the removal of the original source of learning.
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Response Prevention- The prevention of avoidance responses to ensure that the individual sees that the negative consequence will not occur to speed up the extinction of avoidance responses. Spontaneous Recovery- A temporary increase in the strength of a conditioned response, which is
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Psychology Key terms.docx1 - Key Terms- Ch. 6, 9, 10...

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