HTW 403 Final Paper - Running head META ANALYSIS OF CHILDHOOD OBESITY 1 A Meta Analysis of Childhood Obesity Prevention Programs HTW 403 Community

HTW 403 Final Paper - Running head META ANALYSIS OF...

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Running head: META ANALYSIS OF CHILDHOOD OBESITY 1 A Meta Analysis of Childhood Obesity Prevention Programs HTW 403: Community Based Health Policy and Research Syracuse University Author Note Alexander Falck, Megan Murphy, Sol Namkung, & Leah Nazarian, Department of Public Health, Syracuse University Further information pertaining to this paper should be directed to Alexander Falck, Megan Murphy, Sol Namkung, Leah Nazarian or Department of Public Health, Syracuse University, 300 Walnut Place, Syracuse, New York 13210. Contact: [email protected], [email protected], [email protected], [email protected]
2 Contents Abstract…Page 3 Gathering Research…Page 4 Figure 1: Research Studies Used… Page 4.1-4.3 Benefits of Physical Activity in Children…Page 6 Benefits of Health Education in Children…Page 7 Benefits of Programs with Both Physical Activity and Health Education in Children… Page 9 Discussion… Page Figure 2: Detailed Summaries of Each Research Study Used… Page Conclusions… Page
3 META ANALYSIS OF CHIDHOOD OBESITY PREVENTION PROGRAMS Abstract Childhood obesity is a rapidly growing public health issue worldwide. The United States, in particular, has seen a growing epidemic of childhood obesity. According to the CDC, “obesity now affects 17% of all children and adolescence in the U.S.-triple the rate from just one generation ago” (CDC, 2012). Childhood overweight and obesity can lead to serious health risks including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, joint problems, increased risks for cardiovascular disease, certain cancers, and also diabetes. Not only are children affected because of the potential serious health risks, but obesity can also cause psychological and social problems. These problems include, but are not limited to, poor self-esteem, discrimination, and lack of interest and engagement with peers during developmental stages. It is important to target obese and overweight children because of the social, psychological, and health risks associated, but also because overweight and obese children are more likely to remain overweight or obese into adulthood. The CDC defines overweight as having a BMI above the 85 th percentile and obese as having a BMI above the 95 th percentile (CDC, 2012). The causes of childhood obesity can be attributed to a lack of physical activity and/or malnutrition. Therefore, it should be a public health incentive to increase physical activity and health education to children and adolescents in order to prevent future health risks.
4 Gathering Research When we first started looking for research studies pertaining to adolescent obesity, there were over 70,000 studies that were generated. The specific databases that we used included PubMed and Proquest; 22,679 studies were found on PubMed and 21,284 studies were found on Proquest. Clearly, there were too many studies in this broad of a topic. Our research gathering process began to get more specific starting with narrowing the topic to physical education and health education based interventions for adolescents in order to reduce obesity.

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