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Running head: META ANALYSIS OF CHILDHOOD OBESITY 1A Meta Analysis of Childhood Obesity Prevention ProgramsHTW 403: Community Based Health Policy and ResearchSyracuse UniversityAuthor NoteAlexander Falck, Megan Murphy, Sol Namkung, & Leah Nazarian, Department of Public Health, Syracuse UniversityFurther information pertaining to this paper should be directed to Alexander Falck, Megan Murphy, Sol Namkung, Leah Nazarian or Department of Public Health, Syracuse University, 300 Walnut Place, Syracuse, New York 13210. Contact: [email protected], [email protected], [email protected], [email protected]
2ContentsAbstract…Page 3Gathering Research…Page 4Figure 1: Research Studies Used… Page 4.1-4.3Benefits of Physical Activity in Children…Page 6Benefits of Health Education in Children…Page 7Benefits of Programs with Both Physical Activity and Health Education in Children…Page 9Discussion… PageFigure 2: Detailed Summaries of Each Research Study Used… Page Conclusions… Page
3META ANALYSIS OF CHIDHOOD OBESITY PREVENTION PROGRAMSAbstractChildhood obesity is a rapidly growing public health issue worldwide. The United States, in particular, has seen a growing epidemic of childhood obesity. According to the CDC, “obesity now affects 17% of all children and adolescence in the U.S.-triple the rate from just one generation ago” (CDC, 2012). Childhood overweight and obesity can lead to serious health risks including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, joint problems, increased risks for cardiovascular disease, certain cancers, and also diabetes. Not only are children affected because of the potential serious health risks, but obesity can also cause psychological and social problems. These problems include, but are not limited to, poor self-esteem, discrimination, and lack of interest and engagement with peers during developmental stages. It is important to target obese and overweight children because of the social, psychological, and health risks associated, but also because overweight and obese children are more likely to remain overweight or obese into adulthood. The CDC defines overweight as having a BMI above the 85thpercentile and obese as having a BMI above the 95thpercentile (CDC, 2012). The causes of childhood obesity can be attributed to a lack of physical activity and/or malnutrition. Therefore, it should be a public health incentive to increase physical activity and health education to children and adolescents in order to prevent future health risks.
4Gathering ResearchWhen we first started looking for research studies pertaining to adolescent obesity, there were over 70,000 studies that were generated. The specific databases that we used included PubMed and Proquest; 22,679 studies were found on PubMed and 21,284 studies were found on Proquest. Clearly, there were too many studies in this broad of a topic. Our research gathering process began to get more specific starting with narrowing the topic to physical education and health education based interventions for adolescents in order to reduce obesity.