final study guide

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Unformatted text preview: Bold = answers from answer sheet Regular = my answers Highlighted = definition Highlighted = examples Highlighted = Don’t need to know The Caribbean Study Guide – Final Exam (30%) Format : (1) Fill in the blank (from selection), (2) True/False, (3) Short Essays (4) Map identification From Module #1/Anthropology & Colonialism Content: Trouillot, Hoetink, Mintz, PoC films, regional map, Module 1 Lectures 1. What is a succinct working definition of culture? (Day 2 Lecture) Culture: Shared patterns of learned behavior- The major ways human adopt to the world- What learned (learning what is proper) - Shared meaning and practices - Material objects (and what they mean and show about their values) i. **EX: weapons, clothing 2. What does cultural construction mean? Name 2 examples from our course discussions. (Day 2, 4, & 14 Lectures) Cultural Construct: Common practices and beliefs in a culture appear natural to its members (i.e., Beauty, Race, Taste, Religion)- We have certain tastes depending on where we are from - Society tells us what is good and bad- **EX: Taste: (sugar specifically) And Race (biologically no difference) 3. Why is post-colonialism a useful theoretical approach for studying the Caribbean? (Day 2 Lecture) Analyzes legacy of European colonialism, issues of national/cultural identity, race, gender, & power relations- Shows former colonial power in the development of the colony- You have to understand the history to understand why people are the way they are- You have to understand the history in order to understand the culture i. What are the roles of each factor- Includes looking at i. Identity ii. Race/ethnicity iii. Gender iv. Power (relations)- Helps understand how everything fits into the world and how they interpret this- National and cultural identity i. Defining themselves as different from other nations ii. Usually the poor define the culture by their practices 4. What is a working definition of ‘creolization’? (Day 2 Lecture) Creolization: The process of becoming local- The process of becoming local (or rooted in one place)- Melting pot- Process of different groups coming together to form a single culture - 2 forms in the Caribbean i. Slave/working class/indentured slaves 1. if African, they have to get used to other Africans (amoung slaves) 2. if African, adapting to their masters and masters adiapting to their slaves ii. Elite class 1. they become non-western (because they are too brown, clothing changes and food changes)- Both went through a process where their practices change i. There are no more pure cultures- Unable to define them as a single race because they are a mixture 5. What (or whom) did Columbus ‘discover’ on his earliest voyages? (Hoetink; Day 3 Lecture) Ciboney, Taino-Arawak, Carib indigenous groups- He discovered the natives i. Taino Arawak = peaceful, most numerous 1. Hierarchy (chiefdom) 2. agriculture and fishing 3. occupied all islands 4. matralinial and herbal ii. Ciboney = oldest 1. mostly in Cuba...
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