CULTURE - CULTURE AND BEHAVIOR BASIC ISSUES: Cultural &...

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1 CULTURE AND BEHAVIOR BASIC ISSUES: Cultural & Cross-cultural psychology; Definition of culture; Race & ethnicity; Cultural syndromes INSPARABILITY OF CULTURE & PSYCHE: Culture personality culture ACCULTURATION & BICULTURALISM: 4 acculturation strategies; Why study biculturals?; Cultural frame-switching (CFS) GOODBYES COURSE EVALUATIONS
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2 CULTURE: Shared systems of meaning that provide the standards for perceiving, believing, evaluating, communicating, and acting among those who share a language, a historic period, and a geographic location •Subjective culture (vs. objective culture: dress, food, music, buildings etc.) •Culture is multi-dimensional and fluid
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3 GENERAL QUESTIONS: As people of varying cultures and ethnicities, how are we different and how are we alike? [DIFFERENCES] CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY How do culture and ethnicity shape our identities and personalities? [PROCESSES] CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY How does personality/behavior influence culture? [PROCESSES] CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY
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4 Useful metaphor: culture = game rules Does John from Iowa know the rules of this game?
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5 Culture Race or Ethnicity Who can explain the differences between these?
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6 2 CULTURAL SYNDROMES 2 basic dimensions of cultural difference: (Hofstede, 1983) Individualism/Collectivism: extent to which the self is defined as a bound, separate, and above the group (vs. fluid, interdependent, and part of/below the group). Vertical/Horizontal Relationships: emphasis on hierarchy and status versus equality
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7 SELF INDEPENDENT SELF Western world Judeo-Christian tradition (Protestant ethic) Focus is on individual freedom and personal pursuits and self expression
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CULTURE - CULTURE AND BEHAVIOR BASIC ISSUES: Cultural &...

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