DBQ River Valley Civilizations - Alexander Nguyen 2B.docx -...

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NAME Alexander Nguyen Period 2B In developing your answer , be sure to keep this general definition in discuss means “to make observations about something using facts, reasoning, and argument; to present in some detail” DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION This question is based on the accompanying documents. It is designed to test your abil- ity to work with historical documents. Some of these documents have been edited for the purposes of this question. As you analyze the documents, take into account the source of each document and any point of view that may be presented in the document. Historical Context: Around 3500 B.C. in southwestern Asia the first of the River Valley Civilizations began. The ancient River Valley Civilizations of Egypt, China, and Mesopota- mia all made key contributions to future societies. Task: Using information from the documents and your knowledge of global history, answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to: Compare and contrast the contributions of 2 river valley civilizations and their influence and impact on future societies. Box Outline Task Documents Brainstorm Outside Information Here.
1 Document 1. Sumerians created cuneiform script over 5000 years ago. It was the world's firstwritten lan- guage. Sumerians invented this writing system to keep track of business dealings because they traded with people who lived in lands that were hundreds and even thousands of miles away. Writing was a giant leap forward in the development of civilization. People kept records and new ideas were now able to be passed easily from generation to generation. Cuneiform was written on clay tablets, and then baked hard in a kiln. 1. What was cuneiform and who invented it? [1] 2. List three ways the Sumerians made use of cuneiform. [3] 2 Document 2. In 1754 B.C., Hammurabi conquered and united all the cities of Mesopotamia under his rule. Although he was a brutal warrior, his greatest achievement was his code of laws, which he had engraved on a towering stone monument. Hammurabi’s Code was not the first, but it was the most complete set of laws that has survived. It is important because it created a set of rules that helped to govern a civilization while trying to protect people even if they had little political power. It called for different punishments based on the class of the lawbreaker and the victim of the crime. In the Code, punishments often fit the crime by demanding and “eye for and eye” or a “tooth for a tooth”. The following are three of the 282 laws in the Code of Hammurabi. 229.If a builder build a house for some one, and does not construct it properly, and the house which he built fall in and kill its owner, then that builder shall be put to death. 230.If it kill the son of the owner the son of that builder shall be put to death. 231.If it kill a slave of the owner, then he

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