Personality 2 - PERSONALITY(II PSYCHOLOANALYSIS AFTER FREUD...

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1 PERSONALITY (II) PSYCHOLOANALYSIS AFTER FREUD Neoanalytic Approach Basic premises; Jung; Projective techniques Humanistic Approach Basic premises; Rogers; Maslow LEARNING APPROACH Basic premises: Operant, Classical, and Observational COGNITIVE APPROACH Basic premises; Kelly’s personal constructs TRAIT APPROACH Basic premises; Big Five taxonomy
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2 BEYOND FREUD: Neo-analytic approach Focus shifts from the Id to the Ego rejection of the libido as the basic motivation and primary source of human anxiety recognition of the conflict-free functions of the Ego View of personality development as more continuous, life-long process Recognition of the role of society and culture in shaping personality
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3 CARL JUNG (1875-1961) Principle of Opposites: Personality consists of competing forces that must be integrated (masculinity/femininity, conscious/ unconscious, extroversion/introversion); for any tendency in one direction there is a countering tendency. Collective Unconscious : contains ARCHETYPES Archetypes: Universal, primitive memories that have been with us since our ancestors; aspects of the world that people have an inherited tendency to notice and symbolize cross-culturally in art, mythology, philosophy (e.g. . birth, death, the self, power, unity, God, self, earth, ocean, wise man, innocent child) EXAMPLES OF ‘MANDALA’ : archetypal image representing the Self. The basic mandala is a circle with a square or other fourfold structure superimposed. Mandalas are found in cultural products of all races.
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4 Psychoanalytic Assessment Tools PROJECTIVE TECHNIQUES: Psychological tests to measure the unconscious Unconscious motives are spontaneously ‘projected’ during the interpretation of ambiguous, neutral, semi-structured stimuli (Assumption: an individual puts structure on an ambiguous situation in a way WORD ASSOCIATON RORSCHACH INKBLOT TEST THEMATIC APPERCEPTION TEST (TAT)
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5 RORSCHACH INKBLOT TEST
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6 THEMATIC APPERCEPTION TEST (TAT) Who are the people? What are their names? What are their roles in life? What are their relationships to each other? What has led up to this situation? What is happening right now?
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 002 taught by Professor Benetmartinez during the Spring '08 term at UC Riverside.

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Personality 2 - PERSONALITY(II PSYCHOLOANALYSIS AFTER FREUD...

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