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Unformatted text preview: n, and why had it never arisen during the previous 6,000,000 years? Posing the question in this way both understates and overstates the puzzle. It understates the puzzle, because there are not only up to nine independent trajectories of intensification that did culminate in agriculture, but also many other ones that didn’t quite (or that hadn’t yet at the time that European conquest aborted them). Areas of the world where hunter–gatherers in the Holocene developed increased population densities, complex material culture, in some cases pottery, and (some anthropologists argue) sedentary living and ranked societies with chiefs included Mesolithic Europe, Japan and
704 maritime Far East Asia, the North American high Arctic, the Pacific coast of northwest North America, interior California’s oak woodlands, the California Channel Islands, the Calusa of Florida, the coast of Ecuador, and the Murray–Darling Basin of southeast Australia (for examples, see refs 37–39). But a similar intensification of hunter–gatherer societies also preceded the emergence of food production in its nine homelands; I suspect that the sole difference between the areas where people remained hunter–gatherers and the areas where food production e...
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This note was uploaded on 12/10/2012 for the course HORT 306 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.
- Fall '08