Arch_412_Midterm_Review

Arch_412_Midterm_Review - arch 412 STUDY QUESTIONS 1....

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arch 412 STUDY QUESTIONS 1. Constantine’s architectural patronage had crucial impact on the history of architecture. Why? What buildings did he patronize? How do Turpin Bannister and Gregory Armstrong interpret Constantine’s architectural campaign? The night before Constantine had his major battle against Maxentius in 312 he had a dream that he should fight under the emblem of Christ. After winning he issued the Edict of Milan officially accepting Christianity. This Christian victory had an impact on the buildings that he patronized, such as Christian basilicas (the basilica of Maxentius, St. Peters, Holy Sepulchre). Constantine’s patronizing had a major impact because he was such a dominant figure of the time. Also, it lead to an explosion of Christian architecture. Armstrong breaks down the campaign into 5 different categories of Constantinian Churches, 1.Cemetary Basilica, 2. Cathedral, 3. Imperial Masoleum, 4. Martyrium, 5. Palace Church. Bannister discusses the Basilica of St. Peter and the impact it had on pilgrimages and people of the era. 2. Name some buildings associated with the rise of Christian monasticism. What are their functions? Describe how their design facilitates monastic life, naming important architectural features. How do the imaginary monastery presented in the St. Gall plan, Skellig Michael, Cluny III, and Fontenay differ? Why? 3. How do buildings express political ideas? For example, how does the Palatine Chapel at Aachen express the idea of the revival of the Roman empire? Whose policy was it? How is this typical of Carolingian practice according to Richard Krautheimer? The Palatine Chapel at Aachen expresses Roman revival in a number of ways. One of which is through the materials used in the actual construction of the building. The stones were actually salvaged from nearby Roman ruins. The construction, including barrel and groin vaults and an octagonal cloister-vault in the dome, reflects late Roman practices rather than the Byzantine techniques employed at San Vitale . Charlemagne had the chapel built so that he could be associated with Romans of the past. According to Krautheimer Carolingians were interested in early Christian revival of architecture and the fusion of Rome and Christianity. 4. How do buildings express political ideas? For example, how does Santa Prassede in Rome express the idea of the revival of the Roman empire? Whose policy was it? How is this typical of Carolingian practice according to Richard Krautheimer? Krautheimer’s points about early Christian Revival in Carolingian Arch. 1. Rational strong spacial unit 2. Change of Modular construction 3. Fragmentation Another major part of this revival is the crowning of Charlemagne by Pope Leo in 800 in Rome this made it so the Christian revival of the Roman Empire will be invovled in arch for a while…desire to revive glory and authority of the Roman empre with Christian beliefs.
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5. Christian religious buildings of the early medieval period could have two types
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Arch_412_Midterm_Review - arch 412 STUDY QUESTIONS 1....

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