13. The Terrible 1850s - The Terrible Decade 1850-1860 The terrible 1850s A Uncle Toms Cabin(1852 a Harriet Beecher Stowe author about a slave named

13. The Terrible 1850s - The Terrible Decade 1850-1860 The...

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The Terrible Decade 1850-1860 The terrible 1850s A. Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852) a. Harriet Beecher Stowe, author, about a slave named Uncle Tom and his interaction with other slaves, but more about his interactions with a little girl named Eliza, it is a piece of anti-slavery propaganda, extremely popular in the north, not overly critical of southerners, but it was critical because it put a human face to the slave (what) it breaks down the stereotype of slavery being weak and inferior, it changes northern attitudes towards slavery in general, southerners hated it a.i. Significance- shows a good divide between the north and south B. Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) a. Stephen A. Douglas from Illinois, most popular and well known politician at this time, has aspirations of being president, he views slavery as bad, even though he thought it was wrong, he didn't judge someone else on their views on slavery, he believed in popular sovereignty, he created two new territories with popular sovereignty, he introduces the Nebraska bill and says he wants to take all the leftover land from the Louisiana purchase and move it to an organized territory called the Nebraska territory, and with regard to the question of whether it has slavery, it goes toward popular sovereignty, first thing the southerners wanted to see added in the bill by Douglas: when they would vote, southerners are worried that as more time goes by it gives more time for northerners to get there to vote against slavery; they need to not organize this territory in one territory, but in two, if they get the northern part to have slavery it gives way to get rid of the Missouri compromise line, he agrees which creates the Kansas Nebraska act, it did everything the southerners wanted it to do, the territory is divided into two, Nebraska and Kansas territory, and they would decide with popular sovereignty whether they are free or slave, once they get to the population of 5,000 b. Northerners were angry about this act, Douglas knew they would be, but he did this because he thinks this would bring the nation together, he wants to become president, but he also does this because there was much gold found in California, he plans to create a transcontinental railroad which he wants to come out of Chicago so that it would become more prosperous, this railroad would go through this territory as well b.i. Significance- to get this bill passed, (Douglas is a northern democrat, northerners will support him either way, southerners would support this act, in the whig party the southern whigs will support him but not the northern whigs, but he already has a majority of the votes) he also destroys the whig party because he splits it into two, what party rises instead is the anti-
Nebraska party, soon named the republican party, it started as an oppositional whig party against the act, it leads to the creation of the republican party; this brings up the question once

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