TREATMENT2 - 1 TREATMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 TREATMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS HISTORICAL BACKGROUND: Pre-modern era; Early asylums; Modern treatment 2 THERAPY TYPES: Psychological (Psychotherapy) and Biomedical 4 TYPES OF PSYCHOTHERAPY: Psychodynamic, Behavioral, Cognitive, Humanistic BIOMEDICAL THERAPY: ECT, drugs ENHANCING MENTAL HEALTH 2 Historical Background : Pre-modern era 3 Possession by evil spirits and demons 4 Hippocrates & Galens four humors: Sanguine (blood); phlegmatic (phlegm) Choleric (yellow bile); melancholic (black bile) It was the job of the physician to restore harmony in those four humors by the use of purgatives and by bloodletting. Bleeding was used to reduce excess circulation, to slow the pulse, and to "reduce irritation", all felt to be the cause of inflammation. Dr. Benjamin Rush, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, was a major figure in colonial American medicine and was an important proponent of bleeding, though unfortunately he mistakenly thought that the body held 12 instead of 6 quarts. 5 G. Washington After Being Bled Leech and Leech Tube 6 Early asylums 7 Modern Treatment (after 50s) Discovery of Drugs Deinstitutionalization Hospitals Community Mental Health Centers Consequences of deinstitutionalization 8 .. Good idea? 30% of homeless are mentally ill 9 Types of Therapy Psychological Therapies: Verbal interaction between a client and therapist (mental health professional). Talk therapy! May be used in conjunction with biomedical therapies. Biomedical Therapies: Alteration of the structure of the nervous system. Used when talk therapy is not sufficient. 10 Therapy goal: alleviate mental illness and facilitate effective functioning in society (in a humane, respectful, and effective manner). Individuals seek therapy for both minor (e.g., relationship advice) and major issues (e.g., depression). Approximately 15.5 million Americans seek some form of therapy every year The Basics 11 Types of Psychotherapy Psychodynamic Behavioral Cognitive Humanistic 12 Sigmund Freud: First to propose the conversation as a way to alleviate symptoms....
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TREATMENT2 - 1 TREATMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS...

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