Social Functions of Deviance (positive)
Defined: It helps a social system to function and change in a desired manner.
It can help to clarify and define social norms.
Can increase group solidarity (suggested by G.H. Mead): ie-inmates, criminal
groups, terrorist groups, drug addicts group
Can bring about needed change in a social system: ie-Civil Rights Movement
Makes conformity seem more desirable: ie-cheating on income tax report, you
will get rewarded if you don’t; therefore conforming to the norms/laws is desired
Social Dysfunctions of Deviance (negative)
*If deviance is long-term and wide-spread it can have significant effects on society.*
May weaken people’s motivation to conform.: ie-if someone who cheats/doesn’t
do work gets the same recognition as someone who does do work/not cheat…
Makes life unpredictable and dangerous.
Social disorganization- breakdown of social institutions.
What causes deviance? Why do people break laws?
…Explanations (theories or perspectives on deviance and crimes)
Biological – biological traits
Psychological – personality problems
Sociological – social environment
Criminals were biologically less evolved than law abiding citizens. Sugg. By