Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Psychologists are interested in...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 1 Psychologists are interested in understanding how people think, perceive and act in a wide range of situations. Prejudice influences people’s beliefs and expectations about others which leads to racial behaviour. A collection of techniques known as “brain imaging” involves assessing changes in metabolic activity in the brain, such as noting where blood flows as people process information. This shows what part of the brain is involved in certain behaviours or mental activities. A part of the brain called the “amygdale” is involved in detecting threat, it indicates a fear response. Psychology has been around for over 100 years and taught us about basic metal processes as learning, memory, emotion, and perception. The goal for psychology today is to understand people but considering both individual factors, and contextual factors (societal beliefs and the way we behave toward those other people). Psychological science = the study of mind, brain, and behaviour. Mind refers to mental activity (thoughts, feelings, sight, smell, touch, taste, and hearing). The mind results from biological processes within the brain. Behaviour= describes a wide variety of action, from the subtle to the complex that occur in organisms from ants to humans. What are the themes of Psychological Science? We have strong desires to figure people out, and to understand their motives, thoughts, desires, intentions, moods, actions etc. People that do this everyday for a living are known as “psychological scientists”. They use methods to understand how people think, feel and act. The Principles of Psychological Science and Cumulative. 1st theme is the research on mind, brain, and behaviour has accumulated over time to produce the principles of psychological science. Science builds on the foundation our shared knowledge. It is easier to recognize old information that it is to recall old information. A New Biological Revolution is Energizing Research: 2 nd theme is: a new biological revolution of profound significance is in progress at the dawn of the 21 st century, bringing with it a deeper understanding of the human mind and behaviour. Interests are in locating the neural o brain, correlates of how we identify friends to discovering the neurochemical problems that produce various psychological disorders. 3 developments have set for a new biological revolution contributing to our understanding psychological phenomena. 1. Brain Chemistry : The brain works through the actions of chemicals called “neurotransmitters”. They communicate messages between nerve cells. People have better memories when they are
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
aroused rather than when they’re calm because chemicals involved in responding to stimuli influence the neural mechanisms involved in memory. 2.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor N/a during the Fall '08 term at University of Toronto.

Page1 / 6

Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Psychologists are interested in...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online