Chapter 6 - Chapter 6: Learning and Reward Burrhus...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 6: Learning and Reward Burrhus Frederick Skinner was inspired by John B. Watson and H. G. Well’s. He became obsessed with the face that he could change an animals behaviour by providing incentives to promote his behaviour. This learning for animals is known as operant conditioning and for people it’s known as behaviour modification. Learning is a change in behaviour that results from experience. It happens when organisms benefit from experience so their future experience is better adapted to the environment. Conditioning happens when you associate things like going to the dentist with pain. Environmental stimuli and behavioural response become connected. Classical conditioning: when to types of events go together. Operant condition: behaviour leads to a certain outcome (studying leads to better grades). How Did the Behavioural Study of Learning Develop?: John Locke’s idea of Tabula rasa: infants are born knowing nothing and that all knowledge is acquired through sensory experiences. Behavioural Responses are conditioned: Pavlov was interested in the Salivary reflex= the automatic and unlearned response that occurs when the stimulus of food is present to hungry animals and humans. He would ring a bell at the same time as showing the food which would make the dog drool. Then he would take the food and ring the bell and get the same process this is known as classical conditioning or Pavlovian conditioning: occurs when a neutral object comes to bring out a reflex response with it is associated with a stimulus that already produces that response. Salvation brought out by food is called Unconditioned Response (automatic training/ reflex) Food referred to as Unconditioned stimulus (food leads to salvation)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Ringing bell produces salvation after training called
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor N/a during the Fall '08 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

Page1 / 5

Chapter 6 - Chapter 6: Learning and Reward Burrhus...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online