Class Notes - 2 soprano rule when judging a singing contest never award the prize to the second soprano only having heard the first Knowing how things

Class Notes - 2 soprano rule when judging a singing contest...

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8/29/12 2 soprano rule: when judging a singing contest, never award the prize to the second soprano only having heard the first. Knowing how things are they could easily get worse. Marijuana Regulation vs. prohibition Sellers of competing products lose Think about winners & losers Gambling (think about the Virginia lotto) Consistency and equity: pot vs. alcohol Can educate the its illegal (underage drinking) Lessen stigma (mean girls) More people still smoke than drink (substitution effect) 9/3/12 Policy- a definite course or method of action selected from among alternatives and in the light of given conditions to guide and usually determine present and future decisions… breaking down something complex in order to understand its nature Public policy analysis-figuring out what to do in the public interest about a public matter and how to do it Citizen: what should I want my public servants to do… distinct from how can I manipulate the gov. process to give me the most benefits. Citizen view participates in collective government (policy analysis takes that viewpoint) Discipline: body of content, tradition that generates that body of knowledge and continues to build it, focusing your mind not your body in one direction than the other. Binds you to the topic, and binds you to the people in the past, present, future that are connected to the topic. Policy analysis: compared to what? Opportunity cost Policy analysis focuses on results The value of a public action is not to be on the public action but to look at the people who gain or lose from the course of action you took The benefit-cost perspective=franklin’s moral algebra Do x if, and only if, the sum of the advantages (benefits) exceeds the sum of the disadvantages (costs) compared to the best alternative Not exactly benefit cost analysis, policy makers think in terms of outcomes not alternatives. Several courses of actions, each we think about the outcomes (bad/good) figure out a way to weigh them up. Tradeoffs Good v. Good (choosing b/w two wives)(gov in surplus either tax cuts, or provide more services) Bad v. Bad (punishment v. crime) Good v. Bad (jobs v. pollution) (quality, higher cost) (service higher taxes) Benefit: something you or someone else wants (advantage) Cost: something you or someone else doesn’t want.. minimum net cost Whenever you’re given a choice between a and b why can’t you have both? Sometimes the inherent tradeoff is not constructed well. Policy analytic questions
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Policy analysis v. social science “policy implication” What are the missing premises? Things you must assume or know to get from one scientific finding to the policy making. Policy making fills in the missing premises Sketch of policy analysis Define the topic List the alternatives Predict the outcomes Evaluate the predicted outcomes Choose the alternative with the best predicted outcome Figure out how to get it done Leaves out the moral principle If you really believe that the whole world has tradeoffs and someone asks you how much
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