HIS-144.T-3.Evolution of Democracy.Worksheet...

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College of Humanities and Social Sciences Tamara Long Name: ____________________ HIS-144 – Evolution of Democracy Worksheet 1. Compare and contrast Jefferson's democracy with Jackson's democracy. What are Jefferson's and Jackson's respective backgrounds? Who did each believe should participate in the democratic processes and/or hold public office? (350- 500 words) In 1801, Thomas Jefferson became the third president of the US until 1809. He was one of the American founding fathers who believed in democracy. He contributed to drafting the Declaration of Independence (Carpenter, 2013). In 1829 Andrew Jackson became the 17th President of the US until 1837. He strived to represent the common man during his rule compares to previous leaders. Jackson won the Election by Popular vote. Both presidents believed in democracy and belonged to the democratic party despite the various changes that took place From Jefferson's time to Jackson's time. The main difference between the two leaders was that Jeffersonian democracy was not in support of a strong federal government, while Jacksonian democracy strived to increase presidential powers to make the public closer to the government increasing their participation. Jackson strongly opposed aristocracy. Jacksonian and Jeffersonian democracy differed in their political, economic, social, and religious beliefs and practices. During Jefferson's rule, the establishment of churches was halted by state constitutions, especially after the revolution. During Jackson's leadership, the practice ended. Over time, the church separated from the state. The social life was different during the time of both presidents based on their view of slavery, education, social mobility, and equality. Both presidents owned slaves though Jefferson did not like the practice and wanted to eradicate it, unlike Jackson. He had no plans of abolishing it. Jefferson's followers believed men were more equal than American and Indian women. Jackson had no bias based on gender; he had a negative attitude towards native Americans (Benson, 2015). Jefferson was an educated man who believed in educating the people for full participation in democracy, unlike Jackson. He did not see the importance of education since he had little education.

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