Context of Nigerian Politics

Context of Nigerian Politics - The Context of Nigerian...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Context of Nigerian Politics
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Key issues Role of military in government—tremendous instability Since independence, 3 civilian governments, 5 successful military coups, civil war, 30 years of military government Legacy of colonialism—new state in 1960 Role of Islam in politics Role of military in politics
Background image of page 2
Geography Most populous country in Africa (122 million) Major cities concentrated in south, where oil wealth is Northern part of country is dry, very poor Most of oil in southeast or off coast; profits benefit southwest Muslim north, non-Muslim south Ties to US, in part due to slave trade; oil Since independence, internal administrative boundaries have gone from 4 12 19 21 30 36
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Cleavages Regions Ethnicity Somewhere between 250-400 groups 3 largest concentrated regionally Hausa-Fulani in north (28-30% of population) Yoruba in southwest (20%) Ibo in southeast (17%) Religion Class—bottom 20% get 4% of national income
Background image of page 4
Colonial Period Portuguese arrive in late 15th century French, British, Dutch arrive in late 17th century 1861: Britain annexes Lagos 1900: Declares separate protectorates over N and S Nigeria 1914: Combined into one colony
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Colonial period, cont. 1914-1939: N + S officially combined, but ruled as two administrative areas Indirect rule in north, through Muslim emirates Direct rule in south, through advisory Legislative Council 1939: Nigeria split into 3 provinces North (peanuts, cotton) West (cocoa) East (palm oil)
Background image of page 6
Steps towards independence 1920: National Congress of British West Africa founded Demands greater political participation for Nigerians 1944: National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons founded First modern political party 1951-60: Regional elections, then national elections. Independence in 1960.
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Legacy of colonialism British administrative divisions (coinciding with ethnicity) lead to strong regionalism Difficulty in forming national identity South is very different than the north—more educated, wealthier Economy is export dependent Very short period of preparation for independence
Background image of page 8
Civil war and military government 1963: Declared a republic A federal parliamentary democracy, modeled on Westminster Political parties regionally based—each state dominated by one political party Elections in 1964 marred by civil unrest, fraud 1966: First military coup
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Biafran civil war, 1967-70 1966 Coup led by Ibo officers Northerners fear Ibo dominance—riots and killings on both side Second coup, 6 months later, replaces Ibo Ironsi with Gowon (Christian from “middle best”) Civil war breaks out when Biafrans (eastern Nigeria) declare independence
Background image of page 10
Image of page 11
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course POLS 2105 taught by Professor Haleem during the Spring '08 term at Seton Hall.

Page1 / 38

Context of Nigerian Politics - The Context of Nigerian...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 11. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online