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POSC60_Notes - Terrorism 6:56:00 PM Terrorism Non-state...

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Terrorism 04/12/2007 19:56:00 Terrorism: Non-state actor attacking citizens  with a goal of creating fear Possibly with religious motives War crimes Applies pressure on the government of citizens attacked Protests, influence, political acts Politics by violent means Characterized by the motivations behind the actions of the group Different types of political terrorist acts Sabotage Assassination Guerilla War Genocide, “ethnic cleansing” These are not precise definitions, they are conceptual categories In 1997 6 deaths due to terrorism, in 2007, there were 20,498. The world is not that more dangerous, but the definition of terrorism has  changed.  Terrorism has increased but in 1997, they were only counting international  conflicts of groups acting outside their state.  In 2006 it is much more broad, all terrorism
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Makes terrorism seem like a bigger issue, in a way, it legitimizes our war on  terror Change also due to September 11, one of the only devastating terrorist  attacks on US soil Terrorism became apparent in the US Think about it in terms of  Who is the attacker? o State or non-State State (advantages) They are more interested in stability, defined  location, defined citizens and recognized leaders.  State actors are easier to deal with, they have a steak in the  game Non- State actors do not attempt to regard International Law.  Difficult to define and attack. o State funded terrorism: states may support terrorism in another state,  possibly because they do not like that state and this distracts the  leaders of the state. What is their Motivation? o Terrorist have to have a political motivation     o Money, they have to raise funds o Raised through robberies, credit-card fraud, kidnapping, drugs, blood  diamonds Can states be involved with terrorism? 10/25/07 Global War on Terror Not an official war, can’t declare war on non-state actors Never ending, can’t attack a tactic Why declare ‘War?’ o Gather support from Americans, raise funds o ‘Rally round the flag’ o People want to win  the war o Wars never end, there are always survivors, “politics by other means”  the politics continue. 
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Foreign Policy  04/12/2007 19:56:00 American Government Importance of the US Constitution o Foreign Policy is a Federal Issue o Everything the Federal Government does has to have a constitutional  grounding, justification.  o Tug-of-War between Congress and Presidency Congress, Article 1 Declares war Funds army and navy Makes rules for the military
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