POSC60_Midterm

POSC60_Midterm - POSC 60 Midterm: Terms 04/12/2007 19:58:00...

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POSC 60 Midterm: Terms 04/12/2007 19:58:00 CHAPTER 1 Collective Goods “How can a group-such as two or more nations- serve it’s collective interests when doing so requires its members to forgo their individual interests?” Collective goods problem : the problem of how to provide something that benefits all members of a group regardless of what each member contributes to it. In IR, there is no central authority (world gov’t) to enforce necessary measures to provide for the common good. Three basic principles, possible solutions to getting sovereign states to cooperate for the common good o DOMINANCE Establishes a hierarchy where those at the top control those below Occasional fighting over status in the hierarchy Hegemony: ultimate superpower, strong, complex alliances Offers stability and predictability, but also the oppression and resentment of states lower in the hierarchy o RECIPROCITY Rewards behavior that contributes to the group, punishes behavior that pursues self-interest at group’s expense. Can be enforced with out central authority Fuels arm’s races, but also allows for conflict-resolution actions as sides match each others actions Incentives for mutual cooperation, but also downward spirals, and complex accounting of the worth of actions o IDENTITY Members in an Identity community care about the interests of others in the community. Relies on members of the community to uphold a high identity and work towards the common good.
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Independent and dependent variables Independent variables cause dependent variables Dependent- terrorism Independent- poverty, religion, gov’t Power is the independent variable to which actions and outcomes are dependent. Images or three levels of analysis Man o There is war because people are selfish and power hungry. First: man is evil, selfish and power-hungry. Incomplete: how can peace exist? State o There is war caused by the nature and histories of states War caused by nature of some states Militaristic culture International System o There is war because the world exists in a state of anarchy with no central authority Exists under a system of anarchy Stag hunt Rousseau 5 hunters to kill a stag, but one for the rabbit. Would the hunters stay with the group or go for the rabbit?
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o Go for the rabbit and handicap the group o Members are always looking to their self-interests Agent (Hunter) vs. Structure (group) Unit cohesion: They need to care about the interest and lives of the others Realism “Abroad intellectual tradition that explains international relations mainly in terms of power” o Founded on the principle of dominance; explains IR in terms of power o The world is inherently conflictional o State of war exists internationally, constant possibility of war because of Anarchy o Thucydides: “the strong do what they have the power to do and the weak accept what they have to accept.” Machiavelli
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course POSC 60 taught by Professor Shelledy during the Fall '07 term at Marquette.

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POSC60_Midterm - POSC 60 Midterm: Terms 04/12/2007 19:58:00...

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