POSC_Final_SG

POSC_Final_SG - Final Study Guide 12/12/2007 2:41:00 PM...

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Final Study Guide 12/12/2007 15:41:00 Transboundary externalities a cause in one country makes an effect in another unintentionally ie.  environmental damage Interdependence political or economic dependency of two nations on each other economic trade relies on political cooperation also multilateral, a group of states become mutually dependent on each others  political cooperation often one is more dependent than the other As economies develop and tech. advances, states are becoming increasingly  interdependent individual firms/ organizations are now becoming internationally based key aspect is the flow of information and communications between  interdependent states Depends on international cooperation and ultimately it promotes peace,  makes military leverage less attractive because there are other aspects at  stake. Becomes a disadvantage in asymmetrical interdependence when one state is  overly dependent it becomes vulnerable. (could cut off exports to protest) Transnational Actors nonstate actors that influence national government’s actions nonstate actors- strongly influence national governments,  intergovernmental organizations, made up of members in the government  (councils in the UN etc) nongovernmental organizations, private organizations of considerable size  and resource
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Ambivalence of the Sacred Church State relations- the decline of religion in state politics as a move towards  secularization Fundamentalists- base their lives around religion Secularist- separate church and state Applebee: strong religions leads to less violence, the dangerous thing is weak  religion which is much more manipulated by leaders  Sovereignty international norms that states can do what they want within their own  borders- more hypothetical that practical. gov’t has the right, in principle, to do whatever it wants in its own territory States are not supposed to interfere with the international affairs of other  states Comparative Advantage Adam Smith specialization of a good that is best within a country relative to other goods in  that state States differ in their abilities to produce certain goods because of differences  in natural resources, labor force characteristics, technology, and etc to maximize wealth, each state specializes in what they have a comparative  advantage in then trade for goods another state is better at producing differs from absolute advantage
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GATT, general agreement of tariffs and trade world trade organization General Agreement of Tariffs and Trade, negotiating organization used to 
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POSC_Final_SG - Final Study Guide 12/12/2007 2:41:00 PM...

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