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Unformatted text preview: portant to note that out of wedlock births
are sometimes encouraged by families who fear that marriage would result in the addition of
another dependent on the financial burden of the family, because this identifies the mother-only
family structure amongst African Americans to be a consequence of poverty, instead of a cause
(Zinn 1989, pg.65). Finally, Zinn's article examines how these changes in marriage and 10
employment patterns have bred changes in the social fabric of low income communities that
have become isolated and suffer from what Wilson identifies as "concentration effects". These
effects are the result of isolation from middle class role models who unite low income families
with mainstream society outside the ghetto, and also of the loss of social capital and informal
pathways to occupational attainment.
Zinn notes that Wilson's analysis of marriage in African American culture treats the
institution as an opportunity structure that no longer exists for a large number of African
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This note was uploaded on 12/17/2012 for the course ETHC 447 taught by Professor Crozat during the Spring '12 term at DeVry Addison.
- Spring '12