9 - Chapter 9 Fair-Mindedness It's You and Me Kid and I'm...

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Chapter 9: Fair-Mindedness  It’s You and Me, Kid, and I’m Not  So Sure About You
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Goals of this Chapter This chapter is designed to help students examine and eliminate  prejudice and emotionalism so that they can be fair as both  listeners and advocates of ideas. The concepts of  egocentrism sociocentrism conformity , and  logical vulnerability  are discussed, As well as the  defense mechanisms  of  rationalization  and  denial , which are frequently harmful to critical thinking. Students are then given  two tools  to help them be logical and  fair-minded:  semantic devices  and  active listening . ***After studying this chapter, students should be able to  recognize their own areas of logical vulnerability and how they  can be more fair-minded in both their thinking and speaking. 
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Pay Attention to the Opening statements  of the Chapter on Page 335 A critical thinker is aware of egocentrism,  ethnocentrism and the role of emotions in  Judgment .” A critical thinker listens and responds to  opposing viewpoints with empathy and fair- mindedness .” Chapters 9 and 10 will help greatly to lay the  groundwork as you work on your persuasion  papers. 
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Some sources of Prejudice and  Emotionalism – Ethnocentrism     Ethnocentrism : the tendency to view one’s  own race or culture as central, based on the  deep-seated belief that one’s own group is  superior to all others. Sociocentrism  is a form of ethnocentrism.  See page 336 How does a critical thinker counter  ethnocentrism?  By developing the trait of  fair-mindedness   which involves the qualities listed at the  bottom of page 336. 
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Some sources of Prejudice and  Emotionalism- Egocentrism   Egocentrism : whereas ethnocentrism involves perceiving one’s  race or culture as superior to all others; egocentrism is the  perception that one is superior to all others. It is the individual  version of ethnocentrism. Don’t we all have friends or family members or just know people  who think or act like they are better than everyone else.  Well, you have a name for them…they are egocentric! To be logical, fair and less egocentric thinkers
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSCI 1050 taught by Professor Fodeibatty during the Summer '06 term at Western Michigan.

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9 - Chapter 9 Fair-Mindedness It's You and Me Kid and I'm...

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